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EX-31.2 - 302 CERTIFICATION OF CFO - BioScrip, Inc.cfo302cert.htm
EX-31.1 - 302 CERTIFICATION OF CEO - BioScrip, Inc.ceo302cert.htm
EX-32.1 - 906 CERTIFICATION OF CEO - BioScrip, Inc.ceo906cert.htm
EX-32.2 - 906 CERTIFICATION OF CFO - BioScrip, Inc.cfo906cert.htm
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - BioScrip, Inc.Financial_Report.xls
 



 
United States
 
Securities and Exchange Commission
 
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________
 
Form 10-Q
________________
 
(Mark One)

R
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES     EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2010
 
OR
£
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES    EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
 
For the transition period from ________ to _______

Commission file number: 0-28740
________________
 
 
 
BioScrip, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
________________
 
Delaware
05-0489664
(State or Other Jurisdiction
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
of Incorporation or Organization)
 
   
100 Clearbrook Road, Elmsford, NY
10523
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)

(914) 460-1600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 
________________
 
 

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes R   No £
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted to its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes R No £
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer: £
Accelerated filer: R
Non-accelerated filer: £
Smaller reporting company: £
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).       Yes £ No R
 
On October 28, 2010, there were 53,702,311 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock, $.0001 par value per share.

 
                                                            
 
 

 




Page Number
 
 
3 
   
 
3
   
 
4
   
 
5
   
 
6
 
 
18
 
 
27 
 
 
27 
 
28
 
 
28 
 
 
28 
 
 
36 
 
 
EXHIBITS
 

                                                            
 
2



            PART I                                                                
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
BIOSCRIP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(in thousands, except for share amounts)
 

 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2010
 
2009
 
ASSETS
(unaudited)
     
Current assets
       
    Cash and cash equivalents
$ 50,979   $ -  
    Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $16,408 and $11,504 at September 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively
  186,474     151,113  
    Inventory
  66,322     51,256  
    Deferred taxes
  19,960     12,913  
    Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  16,519     3,999  
        Total current assets
  340,254     219,281  
Property and equipment, net
  22,723     15,454  
Deferred taxes
  17,414     26,793  
Goodwill
  323,798     24,498  
Intangible assets, net
  32,101     -  
Deferred financing costs
  5,440     -  
Other non-current assets
  2,151     1,194  
            Total assets
$ 743,881   $ 287,220  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
           
Current liabilities
           
    Current portion of long-term debt
$ 3,864   $ 30,389  
    Accounts payable
  84,782     74,535  
    Claims payable
  4,598     4,068  
    Amounts due to plan sponsors
  16,170     4,938  
    Deferred revenue
  3,527     -  
    Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  46,577     14,273  
        Total current liabilities
  159,518     128,203  
Long-term debt, net of current portion
  314,752     -  
Other non-current liabilities
  3,796     3,224  
            Total liabilities
  478,066     131,427  
Stockholders' equity
           
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding
$ -   $ -  
    Common stock, $.0001 par value; 125,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued: 56,632,871 and 42,766,478, respectively; shares outstanding; 53,688,338 and 39,675,865, respectively
  6     4  
Treasury stock, shares at cost: 2,658,963 and 2,647,613, respectively
  (10,496 )   (10,367 )
Additional paid-in capital
  366,901     254,677  
Accumulated deficit
  (90,596 )   (88,521 )
            Total stockholders' equity
  265,815     155,793  
            Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$ 743,881   $ 287,220  


See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

                                                            
 
3



BIOSCRIP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(in thousands, except per share amounts)




 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2010
 
2009
 
2010
 
2009
Revenue
$ 441,153   $ 333,476   $ 1,188,251   $ 987,974
Cost of revenue
  365,769     291,980     1,000,426     872,100
    Gross profit
  75,384     41,496     187,825     115,874
Selling, general and administrative expenses
  55,950     32,402     146,978     94,335
Bad debt expense
  5,309     2,433     12,536     5,410
Acquisition and integration expenses
  595     -     6,694     -
Amortization of intangibles
  1,326     -     2,196     -
    Income from operations
  12,204     6,661     19,421     16,129
Interest expense, net
  8,122     447     19,515     1,471
    Income (loss) before income taxes
  4,082     6,214     (94 )   14,658
Income tax expense
  2,117     467     1,981     1,249
    Net income (loss)
$ 1,965   $ 5,747   $ (2,075 ) $ 13,409
Income (loss) per common share
                     
Basic
$ 0.04   $ 0.15   $ (0.04 ) $ 0.35
Diluted
$ 0.04   $ 0.14   $ (0.04 ) $ 0.34
Weighted average common shares outstanding
                     
Basic
  53,425     38,961     49,232     38,807
Diluted
  54,210     40,184     49,232     39,345


See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.


                                                            
 
4



BIOSCRIP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(in thousands)


 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
 
2010
 
2009
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
       
Net (loss) income
$ (2,075 ) $ 13,409  
    Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:
           
        Depreciation
  6,211     3,596  
        Amortization of intangible assets
  2,196     -  
        Amortization of deferred financing costs
  1,272     -  
        Change in deferred income tax
  1,197     562  
        Compensation under stock-based compensation plans
  2,726     2,385  
        Loss on disposal of fixed assets
  125     -  
        Bad debt expense
  12,536     5,410  
    Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquired business:
           
        Receivables, net of bad debt expense
  (10,564 )   5,913  
        Inventory
  (10,834 )   (2,606 )
        Prepaid expenses and other assets
  (6,618 )   (1,014 )
        Accounts payable
  7,100     (14,027 )
        Claims payable
  530     (1,002 )
        Amounts due to plan sponsors
  3,051     305  
        Accrued expenses and other liabilities
  (963 )   1,048  
            Net cash provided by operating activities
  5,890     13,979  
Cash flows from investing activities:
           
        Purchases of property and equipment, net
  (6,747 )   (4,522 )
        Cash consideration paid for Option Health earn-out
  (1,000 )   -  
        Cash consideration paid to CHS, net of cash acquired
  (92,464 )   -  
        Cash consideration paid to DS Pharmacy
  (4,969 )   -  
            Net cash used in investing activities
  (105,180 )   (4,522 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
           
        Proceeds from new credit facility, net of fees paid to issuers
  319,000     -  
        Borrowings on line of credit
  300,310     997,920  
        Repayments on line of credit
  (330,699 )   (1,008,747 )
        Repayments of capital leases
  (72 )   -  
        Principal payments on CHS long-term debt, paid at closing
  (128,952 )   -  
        Principal payments on long-term debt
  (1,250 )   -  
        Repayment of note payable
  (2,250 )   -  
        Deferred financing costs
  (8,680 )   -  
        Net proceeds from exercise of employee stock compensation plans
  2,990     1,448  
        Surrender of stock to satisfy minimum tax withholding
  (128 )   (78 )
            Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  150,269     (9,457 )
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
  50,979     -  
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
  -     -  
Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$ 50,979   $ -  
DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
           
Cash paid during the period for interest
$ 5,038   $ 1,432  
Cash paid during the period for income taxes
$ 1,803   $ 741  

See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

                                                            
 
5



BIOSCRIP, INC.  AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION

These Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes thereto, and other information included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of BioScrip, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) for the year ended December 31, 2009 (the “Form 10-K”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 2, 2010. These Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

The information furnished in these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements reflects all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year ended December 31, 2010. The accounting policies followed for interim financial reporting are similar to those disclosed in Note 2 of the  Audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Form 10-K.

The Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.

As a result of the Company’s acquisition of Critical Homecare Solutions Holdings, Inc. (including its subsidiaries, collectively “CHS”) on March 25, 2010 (see Note 3 - Acquisitions), the Company reevaluated its segments in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 280, Segment Reporting (“ASC 280”).  Based on its review, the Company changed its operating and reportable segments from “Specialty Pharmacy Services” and “Traditional Pharmacy Services” to its new operating and reportable segments “Infusion/Home Health Services” and “Pharmacy Services”.  These two new operating and reportable segments reflect how the Company’s chief operating decision maker reviews the Company’s results in terms of allocating resources and assessing performance.  As a result, prior period disclosures reflect the change in operating and reportable segments.  Refer to Note 7 – Operating Segments for more information.

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications have no material effect on the Company’s previously reported consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow.

The Company has evaluated events that occurred during the period subsequent to the balance sheet date.  There have been no subsequent events that require recognition or disclosure in the financial statements.


NOTE 2 – RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In October 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2009-13, Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements (“ASU 2009-13”).  ASU 2009-13 amends ASC Topic 605-25, Revenue Recognition—Multiple-Element Arrangements (“ASC 605”).  The update replaces the concept of allocating revenue consideration among deliverables in a multi-element revenue arrangement according to fair value with an allocation based on selling price. ASU 2009-13 also establishes a hierarchy for determining the selling price of revenue deliverables sold in multiple element revenue arrangements. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”), if available, third-party evidence if VSOE is not available, or management’s estimate of an element’s stand-alone selling price if neither VSOE nor third-party evidence is available. The amendments in this update also require that an allocation of selling price among deliverables be performed based upon each deliverable’s relative selling price to total revenue consideration, rather than on the residual method previously permitted. ASU 2009-13 is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted, but then requires retrospective application of its provisions from the beginning of the fiscal year. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2009-13 on January 1, 2011.  The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

                                                            
 
6



NOTE 3 – ACQUISITIONS

Critical Homecare Solutions Holdings, Inc.

On March 25, 2010, the Company acquired 100 percent of CHS, a leading provider of comprehensive home infusion therapy and home nursing products and services to patients suffering from acute and chronic conditions.  CHS’ home infusion business provides for the dispensing and administration of infusion pharmaceuticals, biopharmaceuticals, nutrients and related services and equipment to patients principally in the home.  Its home nursing service operations provide nursing and therapy visits as well as private duty nursing services to patients in the home.  The Company’s acquisition of CHS added 35 infusion pharmacies servicing 22 states, including 16 ambulatory treatment centers, and 33 nursing locations to the Company’s existing platform.

Consideration

The following table sets forth the consideration transferred in connection with the acquisition of CHS and the aggregate purchase price allocation as of March 25, 2010 (in thousands):


Fair value of equity consideration:
 
    BioScrip common stock issued (13.1 million shares)
$ 91,614
    BioScrip warrants issued (3.4 million warrants)
  12,268
    Rollover options (716,086 options)
  2,802
Cash paid to CHS stockholders
  99,626
Total consideration conveyed to CHS stockholders
$ 206,310
     
Cash paid for merger related expenses incurred by CHS
  14,566
Assumption and repayment of CHS debt
  128,952
Total amounts paid to execute the merger of CHS
$ 349,828


Assets and Liabilities Acquired

The following table sets forth the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as a result of the acquisition of CHS (in thousands):

 
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 7,162      
Receivables
  37,333      
Deferred taxes
  6,182      
Other current assets
  4,993      
Property and equipment
  7,042      
Other assets
  2,778      
     Total assets acquired
        65,490  
Accounts payable
  (3,147 )      
Notes payable
  (2,250 )      
Amounts due to plan sponsors
  (8,180 )      
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  (34,007 )      
Deferred tax liabilities
  (7,144 )      
    Total liabilities assumed
        (54,728 )
    Tangible assets acquired, net
      $ 10,762  
    Intangible assets acquired
        25,200  
    Debt assumed
        (128,952 )
    Goodwill
        299,300  
Total consideration conveyed to CHS stockholders
      $ 206,310  


                                                            
 
7



The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition was allocated to goodwill.  The value of the goodwill represents the value the Company expects to be created by combining the various operations of CHS with the Company’s operations, including the ability to cross-sell all of their respective services on a national basis with an expanded footprint in home infusion and the opportunity to focus on higher margin therapies.  The CHS acquisition is included in the Company’s Infusion/Home Health Services segment. Of the goodwill recorded in the CHS acquisition, $21.1 million is deductible for tax purposes.

In accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), the allocation of the purchase price in connection with the acquisition of CHS is subject to adjustment during the measurement period after the closing date (March 25, 2010) when additional information on assets and liability valuations becomes available.  The Company is still in the process of finalizing its valuation of certain assets and liabilities recorded in connection with the acquisition, including the collectability of accounts receivable, amounts due to plan sponsors and deferred taxes.  Accordingly, the provisional measurements recorded are subject to change and any changes will be recorded as adjustments to the fair value of those assets and liabilities; residual amounts will be allocated to goodwill.  Refer to Note 4 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets for changes in the carrying value of goodwill.

 Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes the identifiable intangible assets acquired (in thousands):
 
 
Estimated
   
 
Useful Life
 
Fair Value
       
Trademarks/trade names
various
  $ 8,400
Infusion customer relationships
3 years
    7,200
Certificates of need
indefinite
    9,600
      $ 25,200


Impact of Acquisition on Interim Financials

The Company has consolidated the results of CHS with its own financial results for the three months ended September 30, 2010.  The impact of the inclusion of CHS’ operating results with the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended September 30, 2010 includes $68.0 million of revenue, $31.4 million of gross profit and $9.3 million in operating income.  The impact of the inclusion of CHS’ operating results from March 26, 2010 through September 30, 2010 with the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 includes $137.8 million of revenue, $65.5 million of gross profit and $19.7 million in operating income.  Operating profit for CHS does not include the allocation of corporate expenses that were previously incurred by CHS and have since been transferred to BioScrip corporate expenses as part of the integration execution.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2010, the Company incurred $6.3 million of acquisition related costs.  These costs were primarily related to legal, audit and financial advisory fees associated with the acquisition of CHS.  The costs were recognized in the acquisition and integration expenses line of the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company included the operating results of CHS in its consolidated statements of operations beginning on March 26, 2010.  The following table sets forth the unaudited pro forma combined results of operations as if the acquisition had occurred on the same terms as of January 1, 2010 and 2009.   Pro forma adjustments have been made related to amortization of intangible assets, interest expense, and income tax expense. The pro forma financial information does not reflect revenue opportunities and cost savings which the Company expects to realize as a result of the acquisition of CHS or estimates of charges related to the integration activity. The pro forma results for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 include the $6.3 million of acquisition related costs incurred by the Company.  Amounts are in thousands, except for earnings per share.

                                                            
 
8



 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
 
2010
 
2009
 
2010
 
2009
 
 
(as reported)
 
(pro forma)
 
(pro forma)
 
(pro forma)
 
                 
Revenue
$ 441,153   $ 394,549   $ 1,249,030   $ 1,175,431  
Net income
$ 1,965   $ 5,137   $ 112   $ 12,241  
Basic income per common share
$ 0.04   $ 0.10   $ 0.00   $ 0.24  
Diluted income per common share
$ 0.04   $ 0.10   $ 0.00   $ 0.23  

DS Pharmacy, Inc.

On July 29, 2010, the Company acquired the prescription pharmacy business and assets of DS Pharmacy, Inc. (“DS Pharmacy”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of drugstore.com, inc.  The acquisition provides the Company with an expanded presence in on-line pharmacy and a six year license of drugstore.com capabilities, trademarks and trade names.  In connection with the acquisition, the Company and drugstore.com entered into a Transitional Services Agreement and a Services Agreement pursuant to which, for a period of six years following the closing of the acquisition, drugstore.com will provide marketing services.  The agreements also allow drugstore.com customers to continue to order from the Company through the drugstore.com website.  The Company paid $5.0 million in cash upon closing and will pay an additional earn-out in cash which is expected to range between $4.2 and $5.5 million based on the results of operations during the twelve month period post-closing.  The Company recorded a liability to DS Pharmacy of $4.7 million to account for the fair value of the earn-out payment liability as of September 30, 2010.  Any changes to the fair value of the earn-out payment liability going forward will be recorded quarterly as income or expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

During the three months ended September 30, 2010, the Company incurred $0.4 million of integration related costs.  These costs were primarily related to overtime and temporary wage costs and other integration costs associated with the DS Pharmacy acquisition.  The costs were recognized in the acquisition and integration expenses line of the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Assets and Liabilities Acquired

The following table sets forth the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as a result of the acquisition of DS Pharmacy (in thousands):

 
Inventory
$ 469    
Property and equipment
  76    
     Tangible assets acquired
      $ 545
     Intangible assets acquired
        9,099
Total assets and total consideration
      $ 9,644


In accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), the allocation of the purchase price in connection with the acquisition of DS Pharmacy is subject to adjustment during the measurement period after the closing date (July 29, 2010) when additional information on assets and liability valuations becomes available.  The Company is still in the process of finalizing its valuation of certain assets recorded in connection with the acquisition.  Accordingly, the provisional measurements recorded are subject to change and any changes will be recorded as adjustments to the fair value of those assets and liabilities.



                                                            
 
9



 Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes the identifiable intangible assets acquired (in thousands):

 
Estimated
   
 
Useful Life
 
Fair Value
       
Customer list
6 months
  $ 283
Transitional services contract
1 year
    1,161
License and marketing related intangibles
6 years
    7,655
      $ 9,099

 
NOTE 4 – GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The Company follows ASC Topic 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”) in accounting for its goodwill and other intangibles assets.  Under ASC 350, goodwill is not amortized but is subject to at least an annual assessment for impairment by applying a fair-value based test.  Management assesses impairment annually or whenever there is an impairment indicator.  The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by operating and reportable segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 are as follows (in thousands):


 
Infusion/Home
 
Pharmacy
     
 
Health Servcies
 
Services
 
Total
 
Balance as of December 31, 2009
$ -   $ 24,498   $ 24,498  
Preliminary goodwill valued as of the date of the CHS acquisition
  304,185     -     304,185  
Adjustments to goodwill related to CHS acquisition
  (4,885 )   -     (4,885 )
Balance as of September 30, 2010
$ 299,300   $ 24,498   $ 323,798  


During the nine months ended September 30, 2010, the Company adjusted the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition.  This resulted in an increase in accounts receivable of $0.5 million, an increase in other current assets of $0.2 million, a decrease in other assets of $1.2 million, an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities of $1.0 million and a decrease in net deferred tax liabilities of $6.4 million.  As a result of the increase in the value of identifiable net assets, the portion of the purchase price allocated to goodwill was reduced.

Under ASC 350, an intangible asset with a finite useful life is required to be amortized over the period of that useful life, and an intangible asset with an indefinite useful life shall not be amortized.  Intangible assets are amortized using methods which approximate the benefit provided by the utilization of the assets. Trademarks, trade names, customer relationships and license and marketing related intangibles are amortized on a straight line basis.



                                                            
 
10



The Company had no intangible assets as of December 31, 2009.  The following schedule shows the balance of intangible assets as of September 30, 2010 (in thousands):

     
September 30, 2010
     
Gross
     
Net
 
Estimated
 
Carrying
 
Accumulated
 
Carrying
 
Useful Life
 
Amount
 
Amortization
 
Amount
               
Indefinite Useful Life
             
Certificates of need
indefinite
  $ 9,600   $ -   $ 9,600
Nursing trademarks
indefinite
    5,800     -     5,800
        15,400     -     15,400
                     
Finite Useful Life
                   
Customer list
6 months
    283     (95 )   188
Transitional services contract
1 year
    1,161     (194 )   967
Infusion trademarks
3 years
    2,600     (450 )   2,150
Infusion customer relationships
3 years
    7,200     (1,246 )   5,954
License and marketing related intangibles
6 years
    7,655     (213 )   7,442
        18,899     (2,198 )   16,701
                     
      $ 34,299   $ (2,198 ) $ 32,101

        Total amortization of intangible assets was $1.3 million and $2.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.  There was no amortization expense recorded in 2009.

The estimated amortization expense for the next five years is expected to be the following (in thousands):


2010 (three month period ending December 31, 2010)
$ 1,576
2011
  5,276
2012
  4,552
2013
  2,002
2014   1,276
2015 and thereafter
  2,019
Total
$ 16,701



                                                            
 
11



NOTE 5 – DEBT

As of September 30, 2010, the Company’s long-term debt consisted of the following obligations (in thousands):


Senior unsecured notes
$ 225,000
Senior secured facility
  93,371
Capital leases
  245
    318,616
Less - obligations maturing within one year
  3,864
Long term debt - net of current portion
$ 314,752

In order to finance the acquisition of CHS, the Company entered into a new credit facility, consisting of a term loan and a revolving credit facility, and issued unsecured notes.  The Company also assumed and paid off the debt of CHS, including its prior revolving credit facility.  The terms of the new credit facility are discussed below.

Prior Credit Facility

Prior to the acquisition of CHS, the Company utilized an $85.0 million revolving credit facility (“Facility”) with an affiliate of Healthcare Finance Group, Inc. (“HFG”).  In connection with the closing of the CHS acquisition, the Company paid off the Facility’s $27.0 million outstanding balance.

Senior Secured Facility

On March 25, 2010, the Company entered into a credit agreement (the “Senior Secured Facility”) by and among the Company, as borrower, all of its subsidiaries as subsidiary guarantors thereto, the lenders party thereto, Jefferies Finance LLC (“Jefferies”), as lead arranger, as book manager, as administrative agent for the lenders, as collateral agent for the secured parties and as syndication agent, Compass Bank, as a co-documentation agent, GE Capital Corporation as a co-documentation agent, Healthcare Finance Group, LLC, as collateral manager, HFG Healthco-4, LLC, as swingline lender for the lenders, and Healthcare Finance Group, LLC, as issuing bank for the lenders. The Senior Secured Facility consists of a $100.0 million senior secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and a $50.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”). The Term Loan has a five year term and has a repayment schedule with quarterly amortization equal to 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, 10.0% and 12.5% per annum of its principal amount in years one through five, respectively, with the balance due at maturity. The Revolver is available for five years after the closing of the acquisition. The amount of borrowings that may be made under the Revolver are based on a borrowing base calculation and are comprised of specified percentages of eligible receivables and eligible inventory, up to a maximum of $50.0 million. If the amount of borrowings outstanding under the Revolver exceeds the borrowing base then in effect, the Company is required to repay such borrowings in an amount sufficient to eliminate such excess. Additionally, if there are no borrowings outstanding under the Revolver and the principal amount of the Term Loan then outstanding exceeds the borrowing base then in effect, the Company is required to repay the Term Loan in an amount sufficient to eliminate such excess. The Revolver includes $5.0 million of availability for letters of credit and $5.0 million of availability for swingline loans. Interest on both the Term Loan and outstanding borrowings under the Revolver are based on a base rate or Eurodollar rate plus an applicable margin of 3.0% and 4.0%, respectively, with the base rate and Eurodollar rate having floors of 3.0% and 2.0%, respectively. In the event of any default, the interest rate may be increased to 2.0% over the rate applicable to base rate loans. The Revolver also carries an annual commitment fee of 0.75%, payable quarterly in arrears, on the unused portion of the Revolver.

Borrowings under the Senior Secured Facility are subject to mandatory prepayment upon the occurrence of certain events, including the issuance of certain equity securities, the incurrence of certain debt and the sale or other disposition of assets. In addition, borrowings under the Senior Secured Facility are subject to mandatory prepayment in the event the Company has “excess cash flow”, as defined in the Senior Secured Facility agreement. Both the Term Loan and the Revolver have been guaranteed by all of the Company’s subsidiaries and secured by first priority security interests in all of the Company’s assets (including the capital stock of our subsidiaries) and all such subsidiary guarantors. The Senior Secured Facility includes affirmative and negative covenants and customary events of default, as well as financial covenants relating to a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as well as limits on capital expenditures. Negative covenants include, among other limitations, limitations on additional debt, liens, negative pledges, investments, dividends, stock repurchases, asset sales and affiliate transactions. Events of default include, among other events, non-performance of covenants, breach

                                                            
 
12



of representations, cross-default to other material debt, bankruptcy and insolvency, material judgments and changes in control.  The Company was in compliance with all covenants contained in the Senior Secured Facility credit agreement as of September 30, 2010.

Senior Unsecured Notes

In connection with the acquisition of CHS, on March 25, 2010, the Company also issued $225.0 million aggregate principal amount of 10¼% senior unsecured notes due October 1, 2015 in an unregistered offering pursuant to Rule 144A and Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933.  The Company will pay interest on the notes semi-annually, in arrears, on April 1 and October 1 of each year, beginning October 1, 2010.  These notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by the Company’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries.  As of September 30, 2010, the Company does not have any independent assets or operations and, as a result, its direct and indirect subsidiaries (other than minor subsidiaries), each being 100% owned by the Company, are fully and unconditionally, jointly and severally, providing guarantees on a senior unsecured basis to the new notes. As noted above, the Company and each of its guarantor subsidiaries are subject to restrictive covenants under the Senior Secured Facility. The Senior Secured Facility ranks senior in priority to each subsidiary’s guarantee of the notes and could restrict the Company’s ability to obtain funds from the guarantor subsidiaries.  As of September 30, 2010, the carrying amount of the Company’s senior unsecured notes was $225.0 million, and the fair value of the long-term debt, based on current market rates for debt of the same risk and maturities, was estimated at $228.2 million.

On June 22, 2010, the Company filed an Offer to Exchange (the “Exchange Offer”) the original unregistered notes with new registered notes, as contemplated in the original note offering.  The new notes are substantially identical to the original notes except some of the transfer restrictions, registration rights and additional interest provision relating to the original notes do not apply.  On July 13, 2010, the Company’s planned registration of the notes became effective.  The Exchange Offer expired on August 12, 2010 and the new registered notes commenced trading publicly on August 16, 2010.

On or after April 1, 2013, the Company may redeem some or all of the notes at the redemption prices set plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption.  The redemption premium percentages for notes redeemed are as follows: (a) on or after April 1, 2013, 105.125% of the principal amount, and (b) on or after October 1, 2014, 100.000% of the principal amount.  Prior to April 1, 2013, the Company may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes at the premium of 110.250% of the principal amount thereof,  plus accrued and unpaid interest and liquidated damages, if any, to the redemption date, with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings.  In addition, the Company may, at its option, redeem some or all of the notes at any time prior to April 1, 2013, by paying a premium.

Debt Issuance Costs and Other Fees

Jefferies was engaged as an investment banker to provide both advisory services in structuring the acquisition, as well as providing the necessary financing on an interim basis (“bridge loan financing”).  Total debt issuance costs related to the notes and term loan are $8.7 million and will be amortized over the term of the debt facilities. Fees paid to Jefferies also included $6.0 million related to the Term Loan and Revolver which were paid to the debt issuers, including Jefferies as a minority issuer.  These fees were recorded as a reduction of principal and will accrete annually proportionate to the amounts repaid. Additional fees paid to Jefferies and expensed in March 2010 included $3.0 million in transaction advisory fees and $2.3 million related to the bridge loan financing availability in the event the notes did not sell prior to the closing date of the acquisition.

Note Payable

In June 2009 CHS issued a $2.25 million 8% note due on December 31, 2010 to partially finance the acquisition of Option Health, Ltd., which was assumed by the Company in connection with the CHS acquisition.  In August 2010, the Company paid the note in full.


                                                            
 
13



NOTE 6 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted income per common share (in thousands, except for per share amounts):

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2010
 
2009
 
2010
 
2009
Numerator:
             
Net income (loss)
$ 1,965   $ 5,747   $ (2,075 ) $ 13,409
Denominator - Basic:
                     
    Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
  53,425     38,961     49,232     38,807
Basic income (loss) per common share
$ 0.04   $ 0.15   $ (0.04 ) $ 0.35
Denominator - Diluted:
                     
    Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
  53,425     38,961     49,232     38,807
    Common share equivalents of outstanding stock options and restricted awards
  785     1,223     -     538
Total diluted shares outstanding
  54,210     40,184     49,232     39,345
Diluted income (loss) per common share
$ 0.04   $ 0.14   $ (0.04 ) $ 0.34


The computation of basic and diluted shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 includes the weighted average effect of the approximately 13.1 million shares issued and outstanding in connection with the acquisition of CHS on March 25, 2010.  The computation of diluted shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 excludes the effect of 3.4 million warrants with an exercise price of $10 issued in connection with the acquisition of CHS as well as 4.9 million and 4.0 million shares, respectively, of other common stock equivalents as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

The computation of diluted shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 excludes the effect of 3.0 million and 4.5 million shares, respectively, of stock options as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.


NOTE 7 – OPERATING SEGMENTS

In accordance with ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting (“ASC 280”), and based on the nature of the Company’s services prior to the acquisition of CHS, the Company historically had two operating and reportable segments: “Specialty Pharmacy Services” and “Traditional Pharmacy Services”.  The acquisition and integration of CHS has resulted in a change to the Company’s operating and reportable segments.  Effective April 2010, the Company has two new operating and reportable segments: “Infusion/Home Health Services” and “Pharmacy Services”.  Prior period disclosures reflect the change in reportable segments.

The Infusion/Home Health Services operating and reportable segment consists of the Company’s legacy infusion therapy business combined with the infusion, respiratory, durable medical equipment (“DME”) and home health businesses obtained in the CHS acquisition.  The infusion services provided in this segment includes home infusion therapy, respiratory therapy and DME.  Infusion services include the dispensing and administering of infusion based drugs, which typically require additional nursing and clinical management services, equipment to administer the correct dosage and patient training designed to improve patient outcomes.  Through the home health services provided in this segment, the Company provides skilled nursing and therapy visits, private duty nursing services, rehabilitation services, hospice and medical social services to patients primarily in their home.

The Pharmacy Services operating and reportable segment consists of the Company’s traditional and specialty pharmacy mail operations and community pharmacies, prescription discount card programs and integrated pharmacy benefit management (“PBM”) services.  These segment services are designed to offer customers and patients cost-effective delivery of traditional and specialty pharmacy services.  The services also include care management programs customized to each patients care plan in coordination with doctors.  In addition, the DS Pharmacy business is included in this segment.

The Company’s chief operating decision maker evaluates segment performance and allocates resources based on net income (loss) adjusted for net interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation expense (“Segment Adjusted EBITDA”) and prior to the allocation of corporate expenses.  Segment Adjusted EBITDA excludes the write-off of receivables owed at the time the CAP contract terminated and acquisition, integration and severance expenses.   The accounting policies of the operating and reportable segments are consistent with those described in the Company’s summary of significant accounting policies.

                                                            
 
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Segment Reporting Information
(in thousands)


 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
 
2010
 
2009
 
2010
 
2009
 
Results of Operations:
               
Revenue:
               
    Infusion/Home Health Services
$ 111,849   $ 36,809   $ 264,625   $ 107,613  
    Pharmacy Services
  329,304     296,667     923,626     880,361  
        Total
$ 441,153   $ 333,476   $ 1,188,251   $ 987,974  
                         
Adjusted EBITDA by Segment before corporate overhead:
                   
    Infusion/Home Health Services
$ 14,942   $ 2,586   $ 31,702   $ 7,420  
    Pharmacy Services
  10,731     13,224     31,120     34,521  
        Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA
  25,673     15,810     62,822     41,941  
                         
Corporate overhead
  (7,602 )   (6,896 )   (23,646 )   (19,831 )
                         
Interest expense, net
  (8,122 )   (447 )   (19,515 )   (1,471 )
Income tax expense
  (2,117 )   (467 )   (1,981 )   (1,249 )
Depreciation
  (2,404 )   (1,356 )   (6,211 )   (3,596 )
Amortization
  (1,326 )   -     (2,196 )   -  
Stock-based compensation expense
  (1,097 )   (897 )   (2,726 )   (2,385 )
Acquisition, integration and severance expenses
  (1,040 )   -     (7,139 )   -  
Bad debt expense related to contract termination
  -     -     (1,483 )   -  
Net income (loss):
$ 1,965   $ 5,747   $ (2,075 ) $ 13,409  
                         
Supplemental Operating Data
                       
Capital Expenditures:
                       
    Infusion/Home Health Services
$ 977   $ 48   $ 2,229   $ 376  
    Pharmacy Services
  1,104     545     3,044     3,010  
    Corporate unallocated
  324     -     1,474     1,136  
        Total
$ 2,405   $ 593   $ 6,747   $ 4,522  
Depreciation Expense:
                       
    Infusion/Home Health Services
$ 1,128   $ 277   $ 2,381   $ 904  
    Pharmacy Services
  954     858     3,019     1,950  
    Corporate unallocated
  322     221     811     742  
        Total
$ 2,404   $ 1,356   $ 6,211   $ 3,596  
Total Assets
                       
    Infusion/Home Health Services
            $ 438,705   $ 52,954  
    Pharmacy Services
              143,153     121,081  
    Corporate unallocated
              162,023     66,145  
        Total
            $ 743,881   $ 240,180  
Goodwill
                       
    Infusion/Home Health Services
            $ 299,300   $ -  
    Pharmacy Services
              24,498     24,498  
        Total
            $ 323,798   $ 24,498  


                                                            
 
15


NOTE 8 – STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS

BioScrip Equity Incentive Plans

Under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2008 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2008 Plan”) the Company may issue, among other things, incentive stock options (“ISOs”), non-qualified stock options (“NQSOs”), stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, performance shares and performance units to employees and directors.  Under the 2008 Plan, 3,580,000 shares were originally authorized for issuance (subject to adjustment for grants made under the Company’s 2001 Incentive Stock Plan (the “2001 Plan”) after January 1, 2008, as well as for forfeitures, expirations or awards that under the 2001 Plan otherwise settled in cash after the adoption thereof).  On June 10, 2010, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to the 2008 Plan to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock available for issuance by 3,275,000 shares to 6,855,000 shares.  As of September 30, 2010, there were 2,271,074 shares that remained available for grant under the 2008 Plan.  Upon the effective date of the 2008 Plan, the Company ceased making grants under the 2001 Plan.  The 2008 Plan and the 2001 Plan are administered by the Company’s Management Development and Compensation Committee (the “Compensation Committee”), a standing committee of the Board.

BioScrip/CHS Equity Plan

Effective upon closing of the acquisition of CHS, the CHS 2006 Equity Incentive Plan was adopted by the Company and renamed the “BioScrip/CHS 2006 Equity Incentive Plan” (the “BioScrip/CHS Plan”).  There were 13,000,000 shares of CHS common stock originally authorized for issuance under the CHS 2006 Equity Incentive Plan, which were converted into 3,106,315 shares of BioScrip common stock, and adjusted using an exchange ratio defined by the merger agreement.  Upon adoption by the Company the Board of Directors amended the BioScrip/CHS Plan to have substantially the same terms and provisions as the 2008 Plan.

Of the options authorized and outstanding under the BioScrip/CHS Plan on the date of the acquisition, 716,086 options were designated as “rollover” options.  These rollover options were issued to the top five executives of CHS, and otherwise remain subject to the term of the BioScrip/CHS Plan, as amended, and were 100% vested on the date of conversion.  Under the terms of the BioScrip/CHS Plan, any shares of BioScrip common stock subject to a rollover option that expire before all or any part of the shares of BioScrip stock subject to such option have been purchased pursuant to the exercise of such option shall remain available for issuance under the BioScrip/CHS Plan.

The remaining 2,390,229 shares are authorized for issuance under the BioScrip/CHS Plan.  These shares may be used for awards under the BioScrip/CHS Plan, provided that awards using such available shares are not made after the date that awards or grants could have been made under the terms of the pre-existing plan, and are only made to individuals who were not employees or directors of BioScrip, or an affiliate or subsidiary of BioScrip, prior to such acquisition.  As of September 30, 2010, there were 2,286,229 shares that remained available under the Bioscrip/CHS Plan.

Stock Options

The Company recognized compensation expense related to stock options of $0.8 million and $2.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.  The Company recognized compensation expense related to stock options of $0.6 million and $1.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, respectively.

Restricted Stock

The Company recognized compensation expense related to restricted stock awards of $0.3 million and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010, respectively.  The Company recognized compensation expense related to restricted stock awards of $0.3 million and $0.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, respectively.



                                                            
 
16



NOTE 9 – CONCENTRATION OF CREDIT RISK

The Company provides trade credit to its customers in the normal course of business.  One pharmacy network agreement under which various plan sponsors are served accounted for, in the aggregate, approximately 12% and 14% of revenue during the nine month periods ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and 14% and 23% of accounts receivable as of September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.


NOTE 10 – INCOME TAXES

The Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate in determining its interim provision for income taxes.  The methodology employed is based on the Company’s expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax strategies utilized in the various jurisdictions in which it operates.

The Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $2.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2010 on pre-tax net income of $4.1 million, a 51.8% effective tax rate.  The effective tax rate of 51.8% is above the statutory rate as a result of the decrease in deferred tax assets due to a lower post-combination state tax rate expected to be applicable when the deferred tax assets are reversed.  The provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2009 was $0.5 million with an effective tax rate of 7.5%.  In 2009, the Company maintained a valuation allowance against it deferred tax assets.  The effective tax rate of 7.5% was below the statutory rate as a result of a reduction in the Company’s valuation allowance associated with the utilization of a portion of net operating losses in 2009.

The Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $2.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 on pre-tax net loss of $94,000.  The effective tax rate for the nine months is above the statutory rate as a result of the non-deductible CHS acquisition related costs and a lower post-combination state tax rate expected to be applicable when the deferred tax assets are reversed. Both of these factors are treated as discrete items. The provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was $1.2 million with an effective tax rate of 8.5%.  The lower effective tax rate of 8.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to the statutory rate was primarily a result of a reduction in the valuation allowance due to the utilization of a portion of the net operating losses in 2009.

The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns with Federal, state and local jurisdictions.  The Company’s uncertain tax positions are related to tax years that remain subject to examination.  As of September 30, 2010, U.S. tax returns for 2007, 2008 and 2009 remain subject to examination by Federal tax authorities.  Tax returns for the years 2006 through 2009 remain subject to examination by state and local tax authorities for a majority of the Company’s state and local filings.


NOTE 11 – SECURITY INTEREST AND LETTERS OF CREDIT

On March 25, 2010, in connection with the CHS acquisition, the Company and its primary drug wholesaler entered into an amendment to its existing Prime Vendor Agreement (the “PVA”) to subordinate the liens of the primary wholesaler in the Company’s inventory to liens granted under the Senior Secured Facility.  On June 17, 2010, the Company further amended the PVA to, among other things, add CHS and its subsidiaries to the PVA and to the liens granted by the Company to its primary drug wholesaler.

In addition, in the ordinary course of business, the Company obtained certain letters of credit (“LC”) from commercial banks in favor of various parties.  At September 30, 2010, there was $3.4 on deposit as collateral for these LCs, which are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets.


                                                            
 
17




The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes thereto, and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 (the “Form 10-K”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), as well as our unaudited consolidated interim financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three month period ended September 30, 2010 (this “Report”).

This Report contains statements not purely historical and which may be considered forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), including statements regarding our expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. These forward looking statements may include, but are not limited to:

 
·
Our expectations regarding financial condition or results of operations in future periods;
 
·
our future sources of, and needs for, liquidity and capital resources;
 
·
our expectations regarding economic and business conditions;
 
·
our expectations regarding the size and growth of the market for our products and services;
 
·
our business strategies and our ability to grow our business;
 
·
the implementation or interpretation of current or future regulations and legislation, particularly governmental oversight of our business;
 
·
our ability to maintain contracts and relationships with our customers;
 
·
sales and marketing efforts;
 
·
status of material contractual arrangements, including the negotiation or re-negotiation of such arrangements;
 
·
future capital expenditures;
 
·
our ability to successfully complete the integration of Critical Homecare Solutions Holdings, Inc. (including its subsidiaries, collectively “CHS”) and other acquisitions and realize the anticipated synergies of these acquisitions;
 
·
our revenue following the merger;
 
·
our high level of indebtedness;
 
·
our ability to make principal payments on our debt and satisfy the other covenants contained in our senior secured credit facility and other debt agreement;
 
·
our ability to hire and retain key employees;
 
·
our  ability to successfully execute our succession plan; and
 
·
other risks and uncertainties described from time to time in our filings with the SEC.

Investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results may differ materially from those possible results discussed in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors.  This Report contains information regarding important factors that could cause such differences. These factors include, among other things:

 
·
Risks associated with increased government regulation related to the health care and insurance industries in general, and more specifically, pharmacy benefit management and specialty pharmaceutical distribution organizations;
 
·
unfavorable economic and market conditions;
 
·
reductions in Federal and state reimbursement;
 
·
delays or suspensions of Federal and state payments for services provided;
 
·
efforts to reduce healthcare costs and alter health care financing;
 
·
existence of complex laws and regulations relating to our business;
 
·
achieving financial covenants under our credit facility;
 
·
availability of financing sources;
 
·
declines and other changes in revenue due to expiration of short-term contracts;
 
·
network lock-outs and decisions to in-source by health insurers including lockouts with respect to acquired entities;
 
·
unforeseen contract terminations;
 
·
difficulties in the implementation and conversion of our new pharmacy systems;
 
·
increases or other changes in the Company’s acquisition cost for its products;

                                                            
 
18



 
·
increased competition from our competitors, including competitors with greater financial, technical, reimbursement, marketing and other resources, could have the effect of reducing prices and margins;
 
·
the significant indebtedness incurred to complete the acquisition may limit our ability to execute our business strategy and increase the risk of default under our debt obligations,
 
·
introduction of new drugs can cause prescribers to adopt therapies for existing patients that are less profitable to us; and
 
·
changes in industry pricing benchmarks could have the effect of reducing prices and margins.

You should not place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements as they speak only as of the date they are made. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied therein will not be realized.

Business Overview

We are a leading national provider of specialty pharmacy and home care products and services that partners with patients, physicians, hospitals, healthcare payors and pharmaceutical manufacturers to provide clinical management solutions and the delivery of cost-effective access to prescription medications and home health services. Our services are designed to improve clinical outcomes to patients with chronic and acute healthcare conditions while controlling overall healthcare costs. As of September 30, 2010, we had a total of 113 locations in 29 states plus the District of Columbia, including 31 community pharmacy locations, 33 home nursing locations, three mail service facilities and 46 home infusion locations, including three contract affiliated infusion pharmacies.
 
On March 25, 2010, we acquired CHS, a privately held leading provider of home infusion and home nursing products and services. CHS was principally owned by funds managed by Kohlberg & Company, L.L.C., or Kohlberg. Our acquisition of CHS provided us with a national network of specialty and home infusion pharmacies and home and health care service providers. As a result of the acquisition, we are cross-selling all of our  service offerings, enabling accelerated pull-through opportunities with our existing payors, as well as the additional payors from CHS.  The additional CHS payor relationships of more than 450 increases our total payor relationships to over 1,000. The acquisition also significantly expanded our national footprint with the addition of a strong regional and local management team.

On July 29, 2010, the Company acquired the prescription pharmacy business and assets of DS Pharmacy, Inc. (“DS Pharmacy”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of drugstore.com, inc.  The acquisition provides the Company with an expanded presence in on-line pharmacy and a six year license of drugstore.com capabilities, trademarks and trade names.  In connection with the acquisition, the Company and drugstore.com entered into a Transitional Services Agreement and a Services Agreement pursuant to which, for a period of six years following the closing of the acquisition, drugstore.com will provide marketing services.  The agreements also allow drugstore.com customers to continue to order from the Company through the drugstore.com website.  The Company paid $5.0 million cash upon closing and may pay an additional earn-out currently estimated at $4.7 million.

During the three month period ended September 30, 2010 we renegotiated certain discount cash card broker agreements to provide for the payment of higher broker fees for new and existing cash card sales.  We expect these new rates to provide additional incentives for new member growth over the next several quarters thereby increasing these programs profitability over the long term.  Beginning in the fourth quarter we expect broker fees to increase $1.9 million on $1.6 million of additional revenue over the prior quarter.  If anticipated growth is achieved, broker fees could increase $3.0 – $5.0 million quarterly compared to prior year.  The net impact to operating income is expected to be positive versus prior year for the second quarter of 2011 and going forward.

Our platform provides nationwide service capabilities and the ability to deliver clinical management services that offers patients a high-touch, community- and home-based care environment. Our core services are provided in coordination with, and under the direction of the patient’s physician. Our home health professionals, including pharmacists, nurses, respiratory therapists and physical therapists, work with the physician to develop a plan of care suited to our patients specific needs. Whether in the home, physician office, ambulatory infusion center or other alternate site of care, we provide products, services and condition-specific clinical management programs tailored to improve the care of individuals with complex health conditions such as gastrointestinal abnormalities, HIV/AIDS, cancer, iron overload, multiple sclerosis, organ transplants, rheumatoid arthritis, immune deficiencies and congestive heart failure.
 
Below is a brief discussion of our business and operations as reported in our Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2010 on a segment basis. Immediately upon the

                                                            
 
19



consummation of the acquisition of CHS, we began integrating the operations of CHS into our operations and re-evaluating our segment reporting. As a result of this review, we changed our operating and reportable segments from “Specialty Pharmacy Services” and “Traditional Pharmacy Services” to our new operating and reportable segments: “Infusion/Home Health Services” and “Pharmacy Services”.  These two new operating and reportable segments reflect how our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) reviews our results in terms of allocating resources and assessing operating and financial performance.  Prior period disclosures reflect the change in reportable segments.
 
The Infusion/Home Health Services operating and reportable segment consists of our legacy infusion therapy business combined with the infusion, respiratory, durable medical equipment (“DME”) and home health businesses obtained in the CHS acquisition.  The infusion services provided in this segment includes home infusion therapy, respiratory therapy and DME.  Infusion services include the dispensing and administering of infusion based drugs, which typically require additional nursing and clinical management services, equipment to administer the correct dosage and patient training designed to improve patient outcomes.  Through the home health services provided by this segment, we provide skilled nursing and therapy visits, private duty nursing services, rehabilitation services, hospice and medical social services to patients primarily in their home.

The Pharmacy Services operating and reportable segment consists of our traditional and specialty pharmacy mail operations and community pharmacies, prescription discount card programs and integrated pharmacy benefit management (“PBM”) services.  The DS Pharmacy business is also included in this segment.  These segment services are designed to offer customers and patients cost-effective delivery of traditional, and specialty pharmacy services.  The services also include care management programs customized to each patients care plan in coordination with doctors.

We have presented operating and reportable segment information on the basis of net income (loss) adjusted for net interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation expense (“Segment Adjusted EBITDA”) and prior to the allocation of corporate expenses.  Segment Adjusted EBITDA excludes the write-off of receivables owed at the time the CAP contract terminated and acquisition, integration and severance expenses.  We believe that Segment Adjusted EBITDA from operations provides a better indication of the segment operating performance.  The Segment Adjusted EBITDA measurement is the primary measure used by the CODM in evaluating our operating and financial performance.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Our Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). In preparing our financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We evaluate our estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis. We base those estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Our actual results may differ from these estimates, and different assumptions or conditions may yield different estimates. There have been no changes to critical accounting estimates in the three months ended September 30, 2010. For a full description of our accounting policies please refer to Note 2 of the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Form 10-K.

                                                            
 
20


Results of Operations

The following discussion is based on the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company.  It compares our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 with our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 (in thousands).

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2010
   
2009
   
Change
 
Revenue
$ 441,153         $ 333,476           $ 107,677  
Gross profit
$ 75,384     17.1 %   $ 41,496       12.4 %   $ 33,888  
Income from operations
$ 12,204     2.8 %   $ 6,661       2.0 %   $ 5,543  
Interest expense, net
$ 8,122     1.8 %   $ 447       0.1 %   $ 7,675  
Income before income taxes
$ 4,082     0.9 %   $ 6,214       1.9 %   $ (2,132 )
Net income
$ 1,965     0.4 %   $ 5,747       1.7 %   $ (3,782 )
                                     


 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2010
   
2009
   
Change
 
Revenue
$ 1,188,251         $ 987,974           $ 200,277  
Gross profit
$ 187,825     15.8 %   $ 115,874       11.7 %   $ 71,951  
Income from operations
$ 19,421     1.6 %   $ 16,129       1.6 %   $ 3,292  
Interest expense, net
$ 19,515     1.6 %   $ 1,471       0.1 %   $ 18,044  
(Loss) income before income taxes
$ (94 )   0.0 %   $ 14,658       1.5 %   $ (14,752 )
Net (loss) income
$ (2,075 )   -0.2 %   $ 13,409       1.4 %   $ (15,484 )


Revenue. Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $441.2 million as compared to revenue of $333.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009.  Pharmacy Services revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $329.3 million as compared to revenue of $296.7 million for the same period in 2009, an increase of $32.6 million, or 11.0%. That increase was primarily due to revenue on new contracts, the expansion of the number of patients served on existing contracts and industry-wide drug inflation.   The acquisition of the prescription pharmacy business of DS Pharmacy resulted in new revenue of $3.6 million in the period. Infusion/Home Health Services revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $111.8 million, as compared to revenue of $36.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009, an increase of $75.0 million, or 203.8%.  Excluding revenue associated with the acquired CHS businesses, our infusion revenue increased $7.0 million, or 19.0%, from a year ago.  CHS revenue contributed $68.0 million of revenue during the period.

Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $1.2 billion as compared to revenue of $988.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009.  Pharmacy Services revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $923.6 million as compared to revenue of $880.4 million for the same period in 2009, an increase of $43.2 million, or 4.9%. That increase was primarily due to revenue on new contracts, the expansion of the number of patients served on existing contracts and industry-wide drug inflation.  The acquisition of the prescription pharmacy business of DS Pharmacy resulted in new revenue of $3.6 million during the period.  Infusion/Home Health Services revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $264.6 million, as compared to revenue of $107.6 million for the same period in 2009, an increase of $157.0 million, or 145.9%. The acquired CHS business contributed $137.8 million of revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010.  Excluding revenue associated with the acquired CHS businesses, our infusion revenue increased $19.2 million, or 17.8%, over the prior period.  The growth in revenue excluding the acquired CHS businesses in Infusion/Home Health Services for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was a result of new infusion contracts.

Cost of Revenue and Gross Profit.  Cost of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $365.8 million as compared to $292.0 million for the same period in 2009.  Gross profit during the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $75.4 million as compared to $41.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009, an increase of $33.9 million, or 81.7%. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased to 17.1% in the three months ended September 30, 2010 from 12.4% in the three months ended September 30, 2009.  The increase in gross profit percentage from 2009 to 2010 was primarily the result of the acquisition of CHS and purchasing synergies generated post-acquisition.  The increase in gross profit percentage compared to 2009 was partially offset by effects of certain state governmental agencies that declined to make any adjustment to their reimbursement following the implementation of the industry-wide AWP settlement in September 2009.  As such, our reimbursement, as well as those of our peers, for services provided to government funded and/or operated programs were reduced.   Also partially offsetting the 2010 increase in gross profit from the CHS acquisition are the effects of unfavorable competitive market conditions in our traditional mail operations.

Cost of revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $1.0 billion as compared to $872.1 million for the same period in 2009.  Gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $187.8 million as

                                                            
 
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compared to $115.9 million for the same period a year ago, an increase of $71.9 million, or 62.0%. Gross profit as a percentage of revenue increased to 15.8% in the nine months ended September 30, 2010 from 11.7% in the nine months ended September 30, 2009.  The increase in gross profit percentage from 2009 to 2010 was primarily the result of the acquisition of CHS and purchasing synergies generated post-acquisition.  The increase in gross profit percentage compared to 2009 was partially offset by previously disclosed price concessions granted to a major customer totaling $2.5 million.  Also partially offsetting the increase in gross profit from the CHS acquisition was a $1.2 million decrease in reimbursement from certain state governmental agencies that declined to adjust their reimbursement rates following the implementation of the industry-wide AWP settlement in September 2009.  As such, our reimbursement for services provided to government funded and/or operated programs were reduced. Finally, delays in brand to generic conversions also partially offset growth in gross profit. 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A”) for the three months ended September 30, 2010 were $55.9 million, or 12.7% of total revenue, as compared to $32.4 million, or 9.7% of total revenue, for the same period in 2009. The increase in SG&A was primarily due to $20.2 million of additional expense in the period related to CHS and $1.5 million in additional wages and salaries and an increase of $1.5 million in broker fees related to growth in our prescription discount card business.  Due to the acuity level of patients associated with the home health nursing and traditional home infusion services, the Infusion/Home Health Services segment operates at a higher operating expense ratio to revenue than the Pharmacy Services segment.

 SG&A for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 were $147.0 million, or 12.4% of total revenue, as compared to $94.3 million, or 9.5% of total revenue, for the same period in 2009. The increase in SG&A was primarily due to $41.7 million of additional expense related to CHS, a $5.8 million increase in wages and salaries to strengthen the management and sales team and an increase of $3.4 million in brokers fees related to growth in our prescription discount card business.  Due to the acuity level of patients associated with the home health nursing and traditional home infusion services, the Infusion/Home Health Services segment operates at a higher operating expense ratio to revenue than the Pharmacy Services segment.

Bad Debt Expense. For the three months ended September 30, 2010, bad debt expense was $5.3 million, or 1.2% of revenue, as compared to $2.4 million, or 0.7% of revenue, in the same period of 2009. Of this $2.9 million increase, $1.1 million is related to the acquisition of CHS.  The remaining increase in bad debt expense in the three months ended September 30, 2010 is due to our current and year to date collection experience on aged balances, which include government payors as well as non-electronic payors.  Based on our current collection experience, we expect bad debt expense for the remainder of 2010 to be approximately 1.0% of revenue.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2010, bad debt expense was $12.5 million, or 1.1% of revenue, as compared to $5.4 million, or 0.5% of revenue, for the same period in 2009. Of this $7.1 million increase, $1.5 million is increased provision related to uncollected receivables remaining under the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (“CMS”) Competitive Acquisition Program (“CAP”) contract, which was terminated effective December 31, 2008.  The remaining unreserved net CAP receivable balance at September 30, 2010 is $1.6 million.  Although the Federal and state governmental agency process to collect these amounts has become protracted, we are pursuing receivables diligently and believe our reserves are adequate. The write-off of CAP receivables in the first quarter resulted in an increase in bad debt expense of 0.2% of revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2010. Another $2.5 million of the bad debt expense increase was related to the acquisition of CHS.  Bad debt expense increased $2.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2010 relative to 2009 based on our current collection experience on aged balances, which include government payors as well as non-electronic payors.  The remainder of the $7.1 million increase is due to revenue growth which occurred on business mix which experiences a slightly higher bad debt rate than our average mix of business.

Acquisition and Integration Expenses.  During the three months ended September 30, 2010, we recorded $0.6 million of costs related to the acquisitions of CHS and DS Pharmacy.  These expenses were primarily related to overtime and temporary wage costs and other integration costs associated with the DS Pharmacy acquisition.  We did not have any acquisition related expenses in the three months ended September 30, 2009.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2010, we recorded $6.7 million of costs related to the acquisition of CHS.  These costs were primarily related to legal, audit and financial advisory fees associated with the acquisition of CHS.  We did not have any acquisition related expenses in the same period in 2009.

                                                            
 
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Amortization of Intangibles.  During the three months ended September 30, 2010, we recorded amortization of intangible assets of $1.3 million. The amortization was due to intangible assets recorded as a result of the 2010 CHS and DS Pharmacy acquisitions.  There was no amortization of intangible assets recorded in the same period of 2009.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2010, we recorded amortization of intangible assets of $2.2 million.  The amortization was due to intangible assets recorded as a result of the 2010 CHS and DS Pharmacy acquisitions.  There was no amortization of intangible assets recorded in the same period in 2009.

Interest Expense, Net. Net interest expense was $8.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2010 as compared to $0.4 million for the same period in 2009.  The increase in interest expense was due to the new debt structure used to acquire CHS, resulting in $8.0 million of interest expense related to the new credit facilities.

Net interest expense was $19.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 as compared to $1.5 million for the same period a year ago.  The increase in interest was due to our new debt structure, including $16.7 million of interest expense related to our new credit facilities and a $2.3 million finance fee related to the bridge loan financing that was available if the unsecured notes had not been sold by the time the acquisition was finalized.

Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense of $2.1 million was recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2010 on pre-tax net income of $4.1 million, a 51.8% effective tax rate.  The effective tax rate of 51.8% is above the statutory rate as a result of the decrease in deferred tax assets due to a lower post-combination state tax rate expected to be applicable when the deferred tax assets are reversed.  The provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2009 was $0.5 million with an effective tax rate of 7.5%.  In 2009, the Company maintained a valuation allowance against it deferred tax assets.  The effective tax rate of 7.5% was below the statutory rate as a result of a reduction in the Company’s valuation allowance associated with the utilization of a portion of net operating losses in 2009.

Income tax expense of $2.0 million was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 on pre-tax net loss of $94,000.  The effective tax rate for the nine months is above the statutory rate as a result of the non-deductible CHS acquisition related costs and a lower post-combination state tax rate expected to be applicable when the deferred tax assets are reversed. Both factors are treated as discrete items. The provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was $1.2 million with an effective tax rate of 8.5%.  The lower effective tax rate of 8.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to the statutory rate was primarily a result of a reduction in the valuation allowance due to the utilization of a portion of the net operating losses in 2009.

Net Income (Loss) and Income (Loss) Per Share. Net income for the three months ended September 30, 2010 was $2.0 million, or $0.04 per diluted share.  This compares to net income of $5.7 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, for the same period last year.

Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $2.1 million, or $0.04 per diluted share.  This compares to net income of $13.4 million, or $0.34 per diluted share, for the same period last year.

Non-GAAP measures.  The following table reconciles GAAP Net Income (Loss) to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Segment Adjusted EBITDA.  Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Segment Adjusted EBITDA are measures of earnings that management monitors as an important indicator of financial performance, particularly future earnings potential and recurring cash flow.  Adjusted EBITDA is also a primary objective of the management bonus plan for 2010 and is used in calculations pertaining to term loan debt covenants. EBITDA is net income (loss) adjusted for net interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation expense.  Adjusted EBITDA excludes the write-off of receivables owed at the time the CAP contract terminated and acquisition, integration and severance expenses.



                                                            
 
23



Reconciliation between GAAP and Non-GAAP Measures
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
 
2010
 
2009
 
2010
 
2009
 
Results of Operations:
               
Adjusted EBITDA by Segment before corporate overhead:
               
    Infusion/Home Health Services
$ 14,942   $ 2,586   $ 31,702   $ 7,420  
    Pharmacy Services
  10,731     13,224     31,120     34,521  
        Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA
  25,673     15,810     62,822     41,941  
                         
Corporate overhead
  (7,602 )   (6,896 )   (23,646 )   (19,831 )
                         
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA
$ 18,071   $ 8,914   $ 39,176   $ 22,110  
                         
Interest expense, net
  (8,122 )   (447 )   (19,515 )   (1,471 )
Income tax expense
  (2,117 )   (467 )   (1,981 )   (1,249 )
Depreciation
  (2,404 )   (1,356 )   (6,211 )   (3,596 )
Amortization
  (1,326 )   -     (2,196 )   -  
Stock-based compensation expense
  (1,097 )   (897 )   (2,726 )   (2,385 )
Acquisition, integration and severance expenses
  (1,040 )   -     (7,139 )   -  
Bad debt expense related to contract termination
  -     -     (1,483 )   -  
Net income (loss):
$ 1,965   $ 5,747   $ (2,075 ) $ 13,409  


Liquidity and Capital Resources

We utilize funds generated from operations for general working capital needs, capital expenditures and acquisitions.

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $5.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2010 compared to $14.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2009.  The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was primarily the result of a net loss of $2.1 million, which includes acquisition related operating expenses and financing fees of $8.9 million.  Charges that contributed to the net loss but had no impact on cash from operations were bad debt of $12.5 million, which includes a $1.5 million write-off as a result of the terminated CAP contract, depreciation of $6.2 million, change in deferred income tax of $1.2 million, amortization of intangibles and deferred financing cost of $3.5 million and equity-based compensation expense of $2.7 million. Contributing to the decline in cash provided from operations was a $10.6 million increase in accounts receivable, $10.8 million increase in inventory and $6.6 million of cash used to prepay expenses including prepaid insurance and refundable income taxes.

Net cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $105.2 million compared to $4.5 million for the same period in 2009.  The cash used was primarily related to the acquisitions of CHS and DS Pharmacy.

Net cash provided by financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2010 was $150.3 million compared to $9.5 million of cash used during the same period in 2009.  The cash provided was primarily due to the issuance of notes and the Senior Secured Facility (defined below).  This increase was partially offset by the payoff of the long-term debt assumed in the CHS acquisition as well as the payoff of the prior line of credit and payment of financing costs related to the note issuance and the Senior Secured Facility.  For the nine months ended September 30,  2009, the net cash used in financing activities was due to an increase in payments on our original credit facility.

Prior to March 25, 2010, we utilized an $85.0 million revolving credit facility (“Facility”) with an affiliate of Healthcare Finance Group, Inc. (“HFG”).  On March 25, 2010 the outstanding balance of $27.0 million was paid in full.

                                                            
 
24



On March 25, 2010, the we entered into a credit agreement (the “Senior Secured Facility”) by and among the Company, as borrower, all of its subsidiaries as subsidiary guarantors thereto, the lenders party thereto, Jefferies Finance LLC (“Jefferies”), as lead arranger, as book manager, as administrative agent for the lenders, as collateral agent for the secured parties and as syndication agent, Compass Bank, as a co-documentation agent, GE Capital Corporation as a co-documentation agent, Healthcare Finance Group, LLC, as collateral manager, HFG Healthco-4, LLC, as swingline lender for the lenders, and Healthcare Finance Group, LLC, as issuing bank for the lenders. The Senior Secured Facility consists of a $100.0 million senior secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and a $50.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”). The Term Loan has a five year term and has a repayment schedule with quarterly amortization equal to 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, 10.0% and 12.5% per annum of its principal amount in years one through five, respectively, with the balance due at maturity. The Revolver is available for five years after the closing of the acquisition. The amount of borrowings that may be made under the Revolver are based on a borrowing base calculation and are comprised of specified percentages of eligible receivables and eligible inventory, up to a maximum of $50.0 million. If the amount of borrowings outstanding under the Revolver exceeds the borrowing base then in effect, we are required to repay such borrowings in an amount sufficient to eliminate such excess. Additionally, if there are no borrowings outstanding under the Revolver and the principal amount of the Term Loan then outstanding exceeds the borrowing base then in effect, we are required to repay the Term Loan in an amount sufficient to eliminate such excess. The Revolver includes $5.0 million of availability for letters of credit and $5.0 million of availability for swingline loans. Interest on both the Term Loan and outstanding borrowings under the Revolver are based on a base rate or Eurodollar rate plus an applicable margin of 3.0% and 4.0%, respectively, with the base rate and Eurodollar rate having floors of 3.0% and 2.0%, respectively. In the event of any default, the interest rate may be increased to 2.0% over the rate applicable to base rate loans. The Revolver also carries an annual commitment fee of 0.75%, payable quarterly in arrears, on the unused portion of the Revolver.

Borrowings under the Senior Secured Facility are subject to mandatory prepayment upon the occurrence of certain events, including the issuance of certain equity securities, the incurrence of certain debt and the sale or other disposition of assets. In addition, borrowings under the Senior Secured Facility are subject to mandatory prepayment in the event we have “excess cash flow”, as defined in the Senior Secured Facility agreement. Both the Term Loan and the Revolver have been guaranteed by all of our subsidiaries and secured by first priority security interests in all of the Company’s assets (including the capital stock of our subsidiaries) and all such subsidiary guarantors. The Senior Secured Facility includes affirmative and negative covenants and customary events of default, as well as financial covenants relating to a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as well as limits on capital expenditures. Negative covenants include, among other limitations, limitations on additional debt, liens, negative pledges, investments, dividends, stock repurchases, asset sales and affiliate transactions. Events of default include, among other events, non-performance of covenants, breach of representations, cross-default to other material debt, bankruptcy and insolvency, material judgments and changes in control.  We were in compliance with all covenants contained in the Senior Secured Facility credit agreement as of September 30, 2010.

We also issued $225.0 million aggregate principal amount of 10¼% senior unsecured notes due October 1, 2015 in an unregistered offering pursuant to Rule 144A and Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933.  The notes will bear interest at a rate of 10¼% per annum.  We will pay interest on the notes semi-annually, in arrears, on April 1 and October 1 of each year, beginning October 1, 2010.  These notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by our existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries.  As of September 30, 2010, we do not have any independent assets or operations and, as a result, our direct and indirect subsidiaries (other than minor subsidiaries), each being 100% owned by us, are fully and unconditionally, jointly and severally, providing guarantees on a senior unsecured basis to the new notes. As noted above, we and each of our guarantor subsidiaries are subject to restrictive covenants under the Senior Secured Facility. The Senior Secured Facility ranks senior in priority to each subsidiary’s guarantee of the notes and could restrict our ability to obtain funds from the guarantor subsidiaries.  As of September 30, 2010, the carrying amount of our long-term debt was $225.0 million, and the fair value of the long-term debt, based on current market rates for debt of the same risk and maturities, was estimated at $228.2 million.

On June 22, 2010 we filed an Offer to Exchange (the “Exchange Offer”) the original unregistered notes with new registered notes, as contemplated in the original note offering.  The new notes are substantially identical to the original notes except some of the transfer restrictions, registration rights and additional interest provision relating to the original notes do not apply.  On July 13, 2010 our planned registration of the notes became effective.  The Exchange Offer expired on August 12, 2010 and the new registered notes commenced trading publicly on August 16, 2010.

                                                            
 
25



On or after April 1, 2013, we may redeem some or all of the notes at the redemption prices set plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption.  The redemption premium percentages for notes redeemed are as follows: (a) on or after April 1, 2013, 105.125% of the principal amount, and (b) on or after October 1, 2014, 100.0% of the principal amount.  Prior to April 1, 2013, we may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes at the premium of 110.250% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest and liquidated damages, if any, to the redemption date, with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings.  In addition, we may, at our option, redeem some or all of the notes at any time prior to April 1, 2013, by paying a “make whole” premium.

        At September 30, 2010, we had working capital of $180.7 million compared to $91.1 million at December 31, 2009.  The increase was primarily due to the excess of new debt proceeds over payments for CHS and DS Pharmacy and increased working capital from the operations of CHS and DS Pharmacy.  We have also made substantial information technology (“IT”) systems investments to improve efficiencies, internal controls, and data reporting.  We believe that our cash on hand, together with funds available under the Revolver and cash expected to be generated from operating activities, will be sufficient to fund our anticipated working capital, IT systems investments, scheduled debt repayments and other cash needs for at least the next twelve months.

We may also pursue joint venture arrangements, business acquisitions and other transactions designed to expand our business, which we would expect to fund from borrowings under the Facility, other future indebtedness or, if appropriate, the private and/or public sale or exchange of our debt or equity securities.

At September 30, 2010 we had Federal net operating loss carryforwards available to us of approximately $17.8 million, of which $1.2 million is subject to an annual limitation, all of which will begin expiring in 2012 and later.  We have post apportioned state net operating loss carryforwards remaining of approximately $8.2 million, the majority of which will begin expiring in 2017 and later.

On March 25, 2010, in connection with the CHS acquisition, we entered into an amendment to our existing Prime Vendor Agreement (as amended, the “PVA”) with our primary drug wholesaler pursuant to which the wholesaler agreed to subordinate the liens in our inventory to liens granted under the Senior Secured Facility.  On June 17, 2010, we further amended the PVA to, among other things, add CHS and its subsidiaries to the PVA and to the liens granted by us to our primary drug wholesaler.

In addition, in the ordinary course of business, we obtained certain letters of credit (“LC”) from commercial banks in favor of various parties.  At September 30, 2010, there was $3.4 million of cash on deposit as collateral for these LCs.

The following table sets forth our contractual obligations affecting cash in the future as of September 30, 2010 (in thousands):

 
Payments Due in Period Ending December 31
Contractual Obligations
Total
 
Less than 1 Year
 
1-3 Years
 
4-5 Years
 
After 5 Years
                   
Long-term debt (1)
$ 464,223   $ 8,033   $ 107,380   $ 348,810   $ -
Operating lease obligations
  29,415     1,984     12,650     7,040     7,741
Capital lease obligations
  257     32     204     21     -
Purchase commitment
  5,215     5,215     -     -     -
Total
$ 499,110   $ 15,264   $ 120,234   $ 355,871   $ 7,741
(1) Includes principal and interest payments. Interest payments assume Senior Secured Facility borrowings and interest rates remain at the September 30, 2010 level until maturity.


                                                            
 
26




Exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates to our outstanding debt. At September 30, 2010 we had $314.8 million of long-term debt with approximately $89.6 million subject to variable interest rates and $3.8 million of short term debt, which was also subject to variable interest rates. We are exposed to interest rate risk primarily through our borrowing activities under the Senior Secured Facility discussed in Item 2 of this Report.  A 1% increase in current market interest rates would have approximately $930,000 impact on our annual interest expense. We do not use financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes and are not a party to any derivative financial instruments at this time.

Management does not believe that our exposure to interest rate market risk is material at this time because the variable interest rate negotiated in the Senior Secured Facility is subject to a rate floor.  Market rates can increase and not cause an increase in our variable interest rate.  Our Senior Secured Facility agreement provides for the use of interest rate swaps as a strategy to manage interest rate market risk.  We regularly assess the significance of interest rate market risk as part of our treasury operations and as circumstances change and will enter into interest rate swaps as appropriate.

At September 30, 2010, the carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, claims payable, payables to Plan Sponsors and others approximate fair value due to their short-term nature.  Borrowings under our Senior Secured Facility include debt with variable interest rates totaling $93.4 million at September 30, 2010.  We believe the carrying value of our long-term debt under our Senior Secured Credit Facility approximates current market value.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosures.  Based on their evaluation as of September 30, 2010, pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b), our management, including our CEO and CFO, believe that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

Except as set forth below, during the three months ended September 30, 2010, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

On March 25, 2010 we completed our acquisition of CHS.  As permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, management has elected and plans to exclude CHS from management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010.  We are currently integrating policies, processes, people, technology and operations for the combined company.  Management will continue to evaluate our internal control over financial reporting as we execute acquisition integration activities.


                                                            
 
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OTHER INFORMATION


We are subject to risks relating to litigation and other proceedings in connection with our operations, including the dispensing of pharmaceutical products by our mail service, infusion services and community pharmacies.  While we believe that these suits are without merit and intend to contest them vigorously, we can give no assurance that an adverse outcome in one or more of these suits would not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, consolidated financial position and/or consolidated cash flow from operations, or would not require us to make material changes to our business practices. We are presently responding to several subpoenas and requests for information from governmental agencies, including one from the United States Attorney’s Office in Minneapolis, MN. We cannot predict with certainty what the outcome of any of the foregoing might be. In addition to potential monetary liability arising from these suits and proceedings, we are incurring costs in the defense of the suits and in providing documents to government agencies. Many of the current pending claims and associated costs are covered by our insurance, but certain other costs are not insured, such as deductibles on each claim. While these costs are not currently material to our financial performance, there can be no assurance that such costs will not increase and/or become in the future.

The sellers of a company, Northland Pharmacy, acquired by one of our subsidiaries, are claiming a right to additional purchase price of at least $5.64 million in connection with an earn out provision in the stock purchase agreement regarding the acquisition. The sellers, named DiCello, first sued in federal court in Ohio in July 2007, but the court stayed the case and directed arbitration of the disagreement by the accounting firm KPMG, LLP, as the stock purchase agreement provides. We deny owing the sellers any additional purchase price. The parties have made extensive filings as directed by the arbitrator and are waiting for the arbitrator’s decision in the matter. We are confident in our position and do not believe an adverse ruling is likely; however, there can be no assurance that an adverse ruling will not be rendered. If the arbitrator rules in favor of DiCello, such ruling could have a material adverse effect on our business, operations or financial position.

On March 31, 2009, Professional Home Care Services, Inc. (“PHCS”), one of our subsidiaries, was sued by Alexander Infusion, LLC, a New York based home infusion company in the Supreme Court of the State of New York.  The complaint alleges principally breach of contract arising in connection with PHCS’s failure to consummate an acquisition of Alexander after failing to satisfy the conditions to PHCS’s obligation to close. Alexander has sued for $2.5 million in damages.  The Company believes Alexander’s claims to be without merit and intends to continue to defend against the allegations vigorously.

On September 18, 2008, a complaint was filed in federal court in New Mexico, naming BioScrip Pharmacy Services, Inc., a subsidiary of ours, as a defendant. The action is captioned Hope Huerta as Next Friend and Parent of Blanca M. Valdez, a minor v. Spectrum Chemicals and Laboratory Products, et. al., 1:08-cv-00853 (D. NM). The complaint alleges that our and the other defendants’ actions are responsible for alleged injuries to the plaintiff due to the administration of medication that allegedly had been recalled by the manufacturer, Spectrum Chemicals, and was dispensed by us. The complaint asserts various tort causes of action, including but not limited to, negligence, breach of warranties and violations of New Mexico statutes. The complaint seeks unspecified money damages, including punitive damages. The court granted our motion for summary judgment and the plaintiffs filed a timely appeal.  We intend to deny the allegations and defend the action vigorously.


Please refer to Item 1A. Risk Factors included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and incorporated herein by reference.  There have been no material changes to the risk factors described in our most recent Form 10-K, other than related to the acquisition of CHS, as described below:

Risks Related to Our Business

We may not realize the anticipated benefits of our acquisition of CHS because of integration difficulties.
 

Integrating the operations of the businesses of CHS successfully or otherwise realizing any of the anticipated benefits of the merger with CHS, including anticipated cost savings and additional revenue opportunities, involves a number of potential challenges. The failure to meet these integration challenges could seriously harm our financial condition and results of operations.

 

                                                            
 
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Realizing the benefits of the merger will depend in part on the integration of information technology, or IT, operations and personnel. These integration activities are complex and time-consuming and we may encounter unexpected difficulties or incur unexpected costs, including:
 
 
·
Our inability to achieve the cost savings and operating synergies anticipated in the merger, including synergies relating to increased purchasing efficiencies and a reduction in costs associated with the merger, which would prevent us from achieving the positive earnings gains expected as a result of the merger;
 
·
diversion of management attention from ongoing business concerns to integration matters;
 
·
difficulties in consolidating and rationalizing IT platforms and administrative infrastructures;
 
·
complexities associated with managing the geographic separation of the combined businesses and consolidating multiple physical locations where management may determine consolidation is desirable;
 
·
difficulties in integrating personnel from different corporate cultures while maintaining focus on providing consistent, high quality customer service;
 
·
challenges in demonstrating to customers of BioScrip and to customers of CHS that the merger will not result in adverse changes in customer service standards or business focus; and
 
·
possible cash flow interruption or loss of revenue as a result of change of ownership transitional matters.
 
We may not successfully integrate the operations of the businesses of CHS in a timely manner, and we may not realize the anticipated net reductions in costs and expenses and other benefits and synergies of the merger with CHS to the extent, or in the time frame, anticipated. The anticipated net reductions in costs and expenses are projections that are uncertain, and are based on assumptions and preliminary information which may prove to be inaccurate. In addition to the integration risks discussed above, our ability to realize these net reductions in costs and expenses and other benefits and synergies could be adversely impacted by practical or legal constraints on our ability to combine operations.

If we are unable to manage our growth profitably after the merger is completed, our business and financial results could suffer.
 
Our future financial results will depend in part on our ability to profitably manage our growth on a combined basis with CHS. Management will need to maintain existing customers and attract new customers, recruit, retain and effectively manage employees, as well as expand operations and integrate customer support and financial control systems. We expect to spend approximately $3.0 million of integration-related capital expenditures in the first 12 months after completion of the merger and to incur $5.0 million of integration-related expenses during that 12-month period. If the integration-related expenses and capital expenditure requirements are greater than anticipated or if we are unable to manage our growth profitably after the merger, our financial condition and results of operations may suffer.

A shortage of qualified registered nursing staff and other caregivers could adversely affect our ability to attract, train and retain qualified personnel and could increase operating costs after the merger.
 
Our business relies significantly on its ability to attract and retain caregivers who possess the skills, experience and licenses necessary to meet the requirements of its patients. We compete for personnel with other providers of the services we provide. Our ability to attract and retain caregivers after the merger will depend on several factors, including our ability to provide these caregivers with attractive assignments and competitive benefits and salaries. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in any of these areas. In addition, there are occasional shortages of qualified healthcare personnel in some of the markets in which we operate. As a result, we may face higher costs to attract caregivers and we may have to provide them with more attractive benefit packages than originally anticipated, either of which could cause our profitability to decline. Finally, if we expand our operations into geographic areas where healthcare providers historically have unionized or unionization occurs in our existing geographic areas, we cannot assure you that negotiating collective bargaining agreements will not have a negative effect on our ability to timely and successfully recruit qualified personnel. If we are unable to attract and retain caregivers, the quality of our services may decline and we could lose patients and referral sources.

                                                            
 
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Subject to certain limitations, the former CHS stockholders and certain former optionholders of CHS may sell our common stock beginning September 26, 2010, which could cause our stock price to decline.
 

The shares of our common stock that the former CHS stockholders and certain former optionholders of CHS received in connection with the merger with CHS are restricted, but such former CHS stockholders and former optionholders may sell the shares of our common stock under certain circumstances. We have entered into a stockholders’ agreement with the former CHS stockholders and certain former optionholders of CHS, pursuant to which we have agreed to register their shares of our common stock with the SEC in order to facilitate sales of those shares. The sale of a substantial number of our shares by such parties or our other stockholders within a short period of time could cause our stock price to decline, making it more difficult for us to raise funds through future offerings of our common stock or acquire other businesses using our common stock as consideration.

Our issuance of common stock in the merger will increase the risk that we could experience an “ownership change” in the future that could significantly limit our ability to utilize our net operating losses.
 

As of September 30, 2010, BioScrip had net operating losses, or NOLs, for U.S. federal income tax purposes of approximately $17.8 million. Our ability to utilize our NOLs to offset future taxable income may be significantly limited if we experience an “ownership change” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which we refer to as the Code. In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative change in our ownership by “5-percent shareholders” that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. A corporation that experiences an ownership change will generally be subject to an annual limitation on its pre-ownership change NOLs equal to the value of the corporation immediately before the ownership change, multiplied by the long-term tax-exempt rate (subject to certain adjustments). The annual limitation for a taxable year would be increased by the amount of any “recognized built-in gains” for such year and the amount of any unused annual limitation in a prior year.

We did not experience an ownership change upon the issuance of common stock in the merger. However, the issuance of common stock in the merger, together with other issuances of common stock during the applicable three-year period, could cause an ownership change under Section 382 of the Code. As a result, the issuance of our common stock in the merger will increase the risk that BioScrip could experience an ownership change during the three-year period following the merger.

Introduction of new drugs or accelerated adoption of existing lower margin drugs could cause us to experience a less profitable therapy mix when prescribers adopt these drugs for their patients.

The pharmaceutical industry pipeline of new drugs includes many drugs that, due to costs to develop and produce, may reduce our margins due to the prescribing of a lower margin drugs.  An example would be an infused drug that is replaced with an oral medication.  New as well as existing drug technologies may also cause us to experience higher drug costs which would also reduce our margins.

 
The loss of a relationship with one or more of our discount cash card brokers could negatively impact our business.

Our contracts with discount cash card brokers are typically subject to termination by a broker’s written notice 90 days prior to effective date.  Depending on the amount of revenues generated by any broker agreement, one or more terminations could have a material and adverse effect on our results of operations and financial performance.  We are unaware of any intention by a discount cash card broker to terminate or not renew an agreement with us. 

                                                            
 
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Risks Related to the New Notes

The significant indebtedness incurred to complete the acquisition imposed operating and financial restrictions on us which, together with the resulting debt service obligations, may significantly limit our ability to execute our business strategy and increase the risk of default under our debt obligations.
 

We incurred an aggregate of approximately $325.0 million of indebtedness (not including up to $50.0 million that would also be available under our new revolving credit facility) in connection with the acquisition of CHS. The terms of our new credit facilities require us to comply with certain financial covenants, including a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. In addition, the terms of our new indebtedness also include certain covenants restricting or limiting our ability to, among other things:

 
·
Incur indebtedness or liens;
 
·
make investments or capital expenditures;
 
·
engage in mergers, acquisitions or asset sales;
 
·
declare dividends or redeem or repurchase capital stock;
 
·
modify our organizational documents; and
 
·
change our fiscal year.

These covenants may adversely affect our ability to finance future operations or limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities or take certain corporate actions. The covenants may also restrict our flexibility in planning for changes in our business and the industry and make us more vulnerable to economic downturns and adverse developments.

Our ability to meet our cash requirements, including our debt service obligations, will be dependent upon our ability to substantially improve our operating performance, which will be subject to general economic and competitive conditions and to financial, business and other factors affecting our operations, many of which are or may be beyond our control. In addition, the New Credit Facility has interest payments that are subject to variable interest rates and are therefore dependent upon future fluctuations in interest rates, which are beyond our control. We expect to use cash flow from operations to pay our expenses and amounts due under the new notes and our other outstanding indebtedness. We cannot provide assurance that our business operations will generate sufficient cash flows from operations to fund these cash requirements and debt service obligations. If our operating results, cash flow or capital resources prove inadequate, or if interest rates increase significantly, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations to meet our debt and other obligations. If we are unable to service our debt, we could be forced to reduce or delay planned expansions and capital expenditures, sell assets, restructure or refinance our debt or seek additional equity capital, and we may be unable to take any of these actions on satisfactory terms or in a timely manner. Further, any of these actions may not be sufficient to allow us to service our debt obligations or may have an adverse impact on our business. Our failure to generate sufficient operating cash flow to pay our debts or to successfully undertake any of these actions could have a material adverse effect on us.

In addition, the degree to which we may be leveraged as a result of the indebtedness incurred in connection with the merger or otherwise could:

 
·
Materially and adversely affect our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements or other purposes;
 
·
make us more vulnerable to general adverse economic, regulatory and industry conditions;
 
·
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes and opportunities in the markets in which we compete;
 
·
place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt or could require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to service our debt;
 
·
make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to the new notes;
 
·
reduce the funds available to us for operations and other purposes;
 
·
limit our ability to fund the repurchase of the new notes upon a change of control; or
 
·
restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or exploiting other business opportunities.

                                                            
 
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The new notes are not secured by our assets or those of our guarantor subsidiaries.
 

The new notes and the related guarantees are our and our guarantor subsidiaries’ general unsecured obligations and are effectively subordinated in right of payment to all of our and our guarantor subsidiaries’ secured indebtedness and obligations, including all indebtedness under the New Credit Facility. If we become insolvent or are liquidated, or if payment under any of the instruments governing our secured debt is accelerated, the lenders under those instruments will be entitled to exercise the remedies available to a secured lender under applicable law and pursuant to the instruments governing such debt. Accordingly, our secured indebtedness and obligations, including all indebtedness under the New Credit Facility, is effectively senior to the new notes to the extent of the value of the collateral securing that indebtedness. In that event, because the new notes and the guarantees will not be secured by any of our assets, it is possible that our remaining assets might be insufficient to satisfy claims of holders of the new notes in full or at all.

 
As of September 30, 2010, we had approximately $93.4 million aggregate principal amount of secured indebtedness outstanding under the New Credit Facility. Additionally, under the terms of our prime vendor agreement with our primary drug wholesaler, we granted our primary drug wholesaler a secured second primary lien in all of our inventory as well as the proceeds thereof. Any additional borrowings pursuant to our existing or future credit facilities would also be secured indebtedness, if incurred. Although the indenture governing the new notes contains limitations on the amount of additional indebtedness that we may incur, under certain circumstances the amount of such indebtedness could be substantial and, under certain circumstances, such indebtedness may be secured indebtedness.

Despite our substantial indebtedness, we may still incur significantly more debt. This could exacerbate the risks associated with our substantial leverage.
 

We may be able to incur substantial additional indebtedness, including additional secured indebtedness, in the future. Although the indenture governing the new notes and the New Credit Facility contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional debt, these restrictions are subject to a number of qualifications and exceptions and, under certain circumstances, debt incurred in compliance with these restrictions, including secured debt, could be substantial. The New Credit Facility permits, among other things, revolving credit borrowings of up to $50.0 million. Adding additional debt to current debt levels could exacerbate the leverage-related risks described above.
 

To service our indebtedness and other obligations, we will require a significant amount of cash. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors beyond our control.

 
Our ability to make payments on and to refinance our indebtedness, including the new notes, and to fund working capital needs and planned capital expenditures will depend on our ability to generate cash in the future. A significant reduction in our operating cash flows resulting from changes in economic conditions, increased competition or other events beyond our control could increase the need for additional or alternative sources of liquidity and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects and our ability to service our debt and other obligations.

 
We cannot assure you that our business will generate sufficient cash flows from operations or that future borrowings will be available to us under the New Credit Facility or otherwise in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our indebtedness, including our indebtedness under the New Credit Facility and the new notes, or to fund our other liquidity needs. We may need to refinance all or a portion of our indebtedness, including the new notes, on or before the maturity of the debt. We cannot assure you that we will be able to refinance any of our indebtedness on commercially reasonable terms or at all.

                                                            
 
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If we default on our obligations to pay our indebtedness, we may not be able to make payments on the new notes.
 

Any default under the agreements governing our indebtedness, including a default under the New Credit Facility, that is not waived by the required lenders, and the remedies sought by the holders of such indebtedness, could prevent us from paying principal, premium, if any, and interest on the new notes and substantially decrease the market value of the new notes. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow and are otherwise unable to obtain funds necessary to meet required payments of principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness, or if we otherwise fail to comply with the various covenants, including financial and operating covenants, in the instruments governing our indebtedness (including covenants in the New Credit Facility and the indenture governing the new notes), we could be in default under the terms of the agreements governing such indebtedness. In the event of such default, the holders of such indebtedness could elect to declare all the funds borrowed thereunder to be due and payable, together with accrued and unpaid interest, the lenders under the New Credit Facility could elect to terminate their commitments thereunder, and cease making further loans and institute foreclosure proceedings against our assets, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. If our operating performance declines, we may in the future need to obtain waivers from the required lenders under the New Credit Facility or holders of other indebtedness to avoid being in default. If we breach our covenants under the New Credit Facility or any other indebtedness and seek a waiver, we may not be able to obtain a waiver from the required lenders. If this occurs, we would be in default under the New Credit Facility or such other indebtedness, the lenders could exercise their rights, as described above, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation.

The new notes may impose significant operating and financial restrictions, which may prevent us from pursuing our business strategies or favorable business opportunities.

 
Subject to a number of important exceptions, the indenture governing the new notes and the New Credit Facility may limit our ability to:

 
·
Incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue certain preferred stock;
 
·
transfer or sell assets;
 
·
make certain investments;
 
·
pay dividends or distributions, redeem subordinated indebtedness or make other restricted payments;
 
·
create or incur liens;
 
·
incur dividend or other payment restrictions affecting certain subsidiaries;
 
·
issue capital stock of our subsidiaries;
 
·
consummate a merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets; and
 
·
enter into transactions with affiliates.

Consequently, the restrictions contained in the indenture governing the new notes and the New Credit Facility may prevent us from taking actions that we believe would be in the best interest of our business, and may make it difficult for us to successfully execute our business strategy or effectively compete with companies that are not similarly restricted. Additionally, the terms of the New Credit Facility require us to comply with certain financial covenants, including a maximum total leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. We cannot assure you that we will meet those tests or that the lenders under the New Credit Facility will waive any failure to meet those tests.

        A breach of any of these covenants or the inability to comply with the required financial ratios could result in a default under the New Credit Facility or the indenture governing the new notes, as applicable. If any such default occurs, the lenders under the New Credit Facility and the holders of the new notes may elect to declare all of their respective outstanding debt, together with accrued interest and other amounts payable thereunder, to be immediately due and payable. The lenders under the New Credit Facility also have the right in these circumstances to terminate any commitments they have to provide further borrowings. If we were unable to pay such amounts, the lenders under the New Credit Facility could proceed against the collateral pledged to them. We will pledge a substantial portion of our assets to the lenders under the New Credit Facility. In such an event, we cannot assure you that we would have sufficient assets to pay amounts due on the new notes. As a result, you may receive less than the full amount you would otherwise be entitled to receive on the new notes.

                                                            
 
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We may not be able to satisfy our obligations to holders of the new notes upon a Change of Control or Asset Sale.
 

Upon the occurrence of a Change of Control, holders of the new notes will have the right to require us to purchase the new notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of such new notes, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase.
 

In addition, upon the occurrence of an Asset Sale, holders of the new notes may, under certain circumstances, have the right to require us to purchase a portion of the new notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of such new notes, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to the date of purchase.

 
We cannot assure you that, if a Change of Control offer or Asset Sale offer is made, we will have available funds sufficient to pay the Change of Control purchase price or Asset Sale purchase price for any or all of the new notes that might be delivered by holders of the new notes seeking to exercise the Change of Control put right or Asset Sale put right. If we are required to purchase new notes pursuant to a Change of Control offer or Asset Sale offer, we would be required to seek third-party financing to the extent we do not have available funds to meet our purchase obligations. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain such financing on acceptable terms to us or at all. Accordingly, none of the holders of the new notes may receive the Change of Control purchase price or Asset Sale purchase price for their new notes. Our failure to make or consummate the Change of Control offer or Asset Sale offer, or to pay the Change of Control purchase price or Asset Sale purchase price when due, will give the holders of the new notes the rights described in “Description of Notes — Events of Default and Remedies”, which is in the Company’s Form S-4 filed with the SEC on June 22, 2010.

 
In addition, the events that constitute a Change of Control or Asset Sale under the indenture governing the new notes may also be events of default under the New Credit Facility. These events may permit the lenders under the New Credit Facility to accelerate the debt outstanding thereunder and, if such debt is not paid, to enforce security interests in our specified assets, thereby limiting our ability to raise cash to purchase the new notes and reducing the practical benefit of the offer-to-purchase provisions to the holders of the new notes.

The trading prices of the new notes will be directly affected by our ratings with major credit rating agencies, the prevailing interest rates being paid by companies similar to us, and the overall condition of the financial and credit markets.
 

The trading prices of the new notes in the secondary market will be directly affected by our ratings with major credit rating agencies, the prevailing interest rates being paid by companies similar to us, and the overall condition of the financial and credit markets. It is impossible to predict the prevailing interest rates or the condition of the financial and credit markets. Credit rating agencies continually revise their ratings for companies that they follow, including us. Any ratings downgrade could adversely affect the trading price of the new notes or the trading market for the new notes, to the extent a trading market for the new notes develops. The condition of the financial and credit markets and prevailing interest rates have fluctuated in the past and are likely to fluctuate in the future.
 

A subsidiary guarantee could be voided if it constitutes a fraudulent transfer under U.S. bankruptcy or similar state law, which would prevent the holders of the new notes from relying on that subsidiary to satisfy claims.
 

The new notes are guaranteed by our domestic restricted subsidiaries. The guarantees may be subject to review under U.S. federal bankruptcy law and comparable provisions of state fraudulent conveyance laws if a bankruptcy or another similar case or lawsuit is commenced by or on behalf of our or a guarantor subsidiary’s unpaid creditors or another authorized party. Under these laws, if a court were to find that, at the time any guarantor subsidiary issued a guarantee of the new notes, either it issued the guarantee to delay, hinder or defraud present or future creditors or it received less than reasonably equivalent value or fair consideration for issuing the guarantee and at the time:

 
·
It was insolvent or rendered insolvent by reason of issuing the guarantee;
 
·
it was engaged, or about to engage, in a business or transaction for which its remaining unencumbered assets constituted unreasonably small capital to carry on its business;
 
·
it intended to incur, or believed that it would incur, debts beyond its ability to pay as they mature; or
 
·
it was a defendant in an action for money damages, or had a judgment for money damages docketed against it if, in either case, after final judgment, the judgment is unsatisfied, then the court could void the obligations under the guarantee, subordinate the guarantee of the new notes to other debt or take other action detrimental to holders of the new notes.

                                                            
 
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We cannot be sure as to the standard that a court would use to determine whether a guarantor subsidiary was solvent at the relevant time, or, regardless of the standard that the court uses, that the issuance of the guarantees would not be voided or that the guarantees would not be subordinated to other debt. If such a case were to occur, the guarantee could also be subject to the claim that, since the guarantee was incurred for our benefit, and only indirectly for the benefit of the guarantor subsidiary, the obligations of the applicable guarantor subsidiary were incurred for less than fair consideration. A court could thus void the obligations under the guarantee, subordinate the guarantee to the applicable guarantor subsidiary’s other debt or take other action detrimental to holders of the new notes. If a court were to void a guarantee, you would no longer have a claim against the guarantor subsidiary. Sufficient funds to repay the new notes may not be available from other sources, including the remaining guarantor subsidiaries, if any. In addition, the court might direct you to repay any amounts that you already received from or are attributable to the guarantor subsidiary.

 
Each subsidiary guarantee contains a provision intended to limit the guarantor subsidiary’s liability to the maximum amount that it could incur without causing the incurrence of obligations under its subsidiary guarantee to be a fraudulent transfer. This provision may not be effective to protect the subsidiary guarantees from being voided under fraudulent transfer law.

Our subsidiary guarantors may be unable to fulfill their obligations under their guarantees.
 

The ability of our subsidiary guarantors to make any required payments under their guarantees depends on our future performance, which will be affected by financial, business, economic, and other factors, many of which we cannot control. Such subsidiaries’ businesses may not generate sufficient cash flow from operations in the future and their anticipated growth in revenue and cash flow may not be realized, either or both of which could result in their being unable to honor their guarantees or to fund other liquidity needs. If such subsidiaries do not have enough money, they may be required to refinance all or part of their then-existing debt, sell assets, or borrow more money. They may not be able to accomplish any of these alternatives on terms acceptable to them, or at all. In addition, the terms of existing or future debt agreements, including the New Credit Facility and the indenture governing the new notes, may restrict such subsidiaries from adopting any of these alternatives. The failure of our subsidiaries to generate sufficient cash flow or to achieve any of these alternatives could materially and adversely affect the value of the new notes and the ability of such subsidiaries to pay the amounts due under their guarantees, if any.
 


                                                            
 
35




(a)  Exhibits.

Exhibit 3.1
Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of BioScrip, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-119098), as amended, which became effective on January 26, 2005)
 
Exhibit 3.2
Amended and Restated By-Laws of BioScrip, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 16, 2007, accession No. 0000950123-07-007569)
 
Exhibit 31.1
Certification of Richard H. Friedman pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
Exhibit 31.2
Certification of Stanley G. Rosenbaum pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
Exhibit 32.1
Certification of Richard H. Friedman pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
Exhibit 32.2
Certification of Stanley G. Rosenbaum pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.


 
BIOSCRIP, INC.
   
Date: November 3, 2010
/s/ Phillip J. Keller                                                      
 
Phillip J. Keller, Senior Vice President of Finance and
 
Principal Accounting Officer


                                                            
 
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